This post outlines the academic reference list that supports the claims made in my stop-motion video voiceover. This reference list is also outlined on my website (here) and in the YouTube video caption to ensure viewers are aware of the scientific evidence behind the video production.
“The planet is getting busier and the environment is getting messier
Reference: Carus, F. 2010. UN urges global move to meat and dairy-free diet. The Guardian. Accessed online. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/jun/02/un-report-meat-free-diet
Article summary: A report by United Nations urges people across the planet to eat less meat and dairy to ‘save the world from the worst impacts of climate change’. Global population surges towards a predicted 9.1 billion people by 2050, and the western taste for a diet rich in meat and dairy products is reported unsustainable by the UN. UN report that ‘a substantial reduction of impacts would only be possible with a substantial worldwide diet change, away from animal products’. This article supports the fact that global population is rising exponentially and is consequently affecting the environment.
“Food is getting pricier”
Reference: Flynn, M., and Schiff, A. 2015. Economically Health Diets: Including Lean Animal Protein Costs More Than Using Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition. Volume 10, issue 4. Pp467-482. [Available online at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/19320248.2015.1045675?needAccess=true&]
Article summary: Study conducted by Flynn and Schiff (2014) shares that meat, poultry and seafood are more expensive foods per serving, costing approximately more than 60% more than vegetables, legumes and fruit. (Drewnowski, 2010, as cited in Flynn and Schiff, 2015, p478). Flynn and Schiff conclude from their study that ‘educating consumers to include some weekly meals that do not contain meat, poultry or seafood will decrease food costs, improve food security, and improve body weight’ (2015, p481). This article shares insight into how people can save money buy purchasing more plant-based food instead of animal products.
“As well as improved health and wellbeing”
Reference: Springmann, M., Godfray, C., Rayner, M., and Scarborough, P. 2016. Analysis and Valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change. PNAS Early Edition. Pp1-6. [Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/2016/03/16/1523119113.full.pdf]
Article summary: This article investigates diet to understand the impact diet has on health and the environment. The study finds that ‘transitioning toward more plant-based diets that are in line with standard dietary guidelines could reduce global mortality by 6-10% and food related greenhouse gas emissions by 29-70%.
“Eating less meat means reduced greenhouse gas emissions, less pollution and a lower impact on climate change”:
Reference: Carrington, D. 2014. Eating less meat essential to curb climate change. Our World, United Nations University. [Available online at: https://ourworld.unu.edu/en/eating-less-meat-essential-to-curb-climate-change-says-report]
Article summary: The article refers to reports released by the United Nations, outlining that the world’s appetite for meat needs to be curbed in order to avoid devastating climate change. The Chatham House report concludes: “Dietary change is essential if global warming is not to exceed 2°C.”